The origin of the European Union dates back to the difficult times of the Second World War, it was founded with the aim of overcoming the economic crisis and promoting peace and well-being among the citizens of the continent.
The European Union
The European Union is an international geopolitical institution that watches over the interests of the member countries and their economic and political treaties that they carry out with nations that do not belong to the community.
It is a political community of international law, which was created to promote the integration and distribution of common goods throughout the European territory.
The European Union has developed a system with political and legal bases with very particular characteristics, which basically refer to a transnational form of government that shows similarities to multilateral cooperation agreements between countries.
The foundation of the organization is to promote integration between nations, promoting and controlling common policies seeking to achieve the much desired economic and social progress in a peaceful and equitable manner.
In 1951 the nations of France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and West Germany, united under the initiative of Winston Churchill and Robert Schuman, in what was called the European Coal and Steel Community, which had international competition.
At the beginning of its functions, the body was based on three pre-existing communities, the Coal and Steel Community, the Atomic Energy Community, the European Economic Community, and then the Common Foreign Policy and Judicial and Police Cooperation were added.
A new international organization arises according to the parameters of the Treaty of the European Union which have been in force since November 1, 1993. The institution has a single currency, a flag and an anthem.
On December 1, 2009, a significant change occurred, which was established in the Lisbon Treaty, where the organization assumed a single legal personality subject to International Law.
Characteristics of the European Union
The European Union is governed by its own internal legislation, which combines elements of multilateral cooperation.
It is structured as a supranational entity, which means that the member countries give up part of their international powers for integration and the common good.
The Legal Order of the European Union governs the operation and determines the competences of the organization. It presents differences with international law and with the internal political regulations of each member country.
From this type of particular legislation, principles such as European Citizenship or the monetary union that manifests itself in the system for the implementation of the Euro have emerged.
The objectives of the European Union are established in its internal guidelines, its regulations are based on seeking continental unification for the benefit of the countries that make up the body.
The international community has the following objectives and powers, as indicated in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union:
- The fundamental objective that gave rise to the organization and is still in force, is to promote peace and human values to promote a better world for its citizens.
- Offer a territory of freedom, security and justice without border limits.
- Promote balanced economic development and promote a stable market.
- Promote the creation of sources of education, employment and social progress.
- Promote the development of sustainable cities and the protection of the environment.
- Penalize and combat social exclusion and discrimination by all means.
- Give impetus to scientific progress and technological development.
- Strengthen the treaties for economic, social and territorial cooperation among member countries.
- Promote equality among all citizens.
- Promote solidarity between countries, proper handling of disaster relief.
- Promote respect for cultural diversity.
- Guarantee respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and the freedom of all citizens.
- Respect the rule of law and defend democracy.